Charcoal Rot

scouted July 2, 2024

Soybeans were scouted at the V6 growth stage and wilt, plant death, and leaf discoloration was observed in strips along rows.
This issue was confirmed by the NC State Plant, Disease and Insect clinic to be Charcoal Rot, caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. Charcoal rot is soil and seed borne fungus that favors dry, stressed conditions. Symptomology associated with charcoal rot can include brown spots on cotyledons, red/brown circular lesions on leaves that turn dark brown/black, and light brown/grey lesions on stems. In this environment, conditions have been hot and very dry, this could have synergized symptomology. No-till environments or irrigation are cultural practices recommended to preserve or increase soil moisture. Fungicides are not typically recommended for managing charcoal rot.

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