Southern Stem Rot

scouted June 14, 2024

Soybeans were scouted at the V2 growth stage and brown, wilted plants, stunted growth, and stem discoloration was observed. Wilted and necrotic plants were observed in the same row as seemingly healthy plants.
This issue was confirmed by an NC State Extension Specialist as Southern Stem Rot. Southern Stem Rot or Southern Blight is caused by the fungus Sclerotium rolfsii (Athelia rolfsii). Symptomology associated with southern stem rot includes yellowing, wilting, light brown lesions on stems near the soil surface (caused by overwintering), and white fan-like mat of hyphae on infected stems. This pathogen favors hot, wet weather conditions. Deep cultivation to bury sclerotia, and crop rotations to non-host crops such as wheat or corn are the best management practices. Fungicides are not recommended.

Looking for more?

Find information on current and past problems in our library.

Browse all problems